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Protochromic absorption changes in the two-cysteine photocycle of a blue/orange cyanobacteriochrome

発表形態:
原著論文
主要業績:
単著・共著:
発表年月:
2019年12月
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.RA119.010384
会議属性:
査読:
リンク情報:

日本語フィールド

著者:
Sato, Teppei; Kikukawa, Takashi; Miyoshi, Risako; Kajimoto, Kousuke; Yonekawa, Chinatsu; Fujisawa, Tomotsumi; Unno, Masashi; Eki, Toshihiko; Hirose, Yuu
題名:
Protochromic absorption changes in the two-cysteine photocycle of a blue/orange cyanobacteriochrome
発表情報:
The Journal of biological chemistry 巻: 294 号: 49 ページ: 18909 - 18922
キーワード:
概要:
© 2019 Sato et al. Cyanobacteriochromes (CBCRs) are phytochrome-related photosensors with diverse spectral sensitivities spanning the entire visible spectrum. They covalently bind bilin chromophores via conserved cysteine residues and undergo 15Z/15E bilin photoisomerization upon light illumination. CBCR subfamilies absorbing violet-blue light use an additional cysteine residue to form a second bilin-thiol adduct in a two-Cys photocycle. However, the process of second thiol adduct formation is incompletely understood, especially the involvement of the bilin protonation state. Here, we focused on the Oscil6304_2705 protein from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria acuminata PCC 6304, which photoconverts between a blue-absorbing 15Z state ( 15Z Pb) and orange-absorbing 15E state ( 15E Po). pH titration analysis revealed that 15Z Pb was stable over a wide pH range, suggesting that bilin protonation is stabilized by a second thiol adduct. As revealed by resonance Raman spectroscopy, 15E Po harbored protonated bilin at both acidic and neutral pH, but readily converted to a deprotonated green-absorbing 15Z state ( 15Z Pg) at alkaline pH. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the conserved Asp-71 and His-102 residues are required for second thiol adduct formation in 15Z Pb and bilin protonation in 15E Po, respectively. An Oscil6304_2705 variant lacking the second cysteine residue, Cys-73, photoconverted between deprotonated 15Z Pg and protonated 15E Pr, similarly to the protochromic photocycle of the green/red CBCR subfamily. Time-resolved spectroscopy revealed 15Z Pg formation as an intermediate in the 15E Pr-to- 15Z Pg conversion with a significant solvent-isotope effect, suggesting the sequential occurrence of 15EP-to-15Z photoisomerization, deprotonation, and second thiol adduct formation. Our findings uncover the details of protochromic absorption changes underlying the two-Cys photocycle of violet-blue-absorbing CBCR subfamilies.
抄録:

英語フィールド

Author:
Sato, Teppei; Kikukawa, Takashi; Miyoshi, Risako; Kajimoto, Kousuke; Yonekawa, Chinatsu; Fujisawa, Tomotsumi; Unno, Masashi; Eki, Toshihiko; Hirose, Yuu
Title:
Protochromic absorption changes in the two-cysteine photocycle of a blue/orange cyanobacteriochrome
Announcement information:
The Journal of biological chemistry Vol: 294 Issue: 49 Page: 18909 - 18922
An abstract:
© 2019 Sato et al. Cyanobacteriochromes (CBCRs) are phytochrome-related photosensors with diverse spectral sensitivities spanning the entire visible spectrum. They covalently bind bilin chromophores via conserved cysteine residues and undergo 15Z/15E bilin photoisomerization upon light illumination. CBCR subfamilies absorbing violet-blue light use an additional cysteine residue to form a second bilin-thiol adduct in a two-Cys photocycle. However, the process of second thiol adduct formation is incompletely understood, especially the involvement of the bilin protonation state. Here, we focused on the Oscil6304_2705 protein from the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria acuminata PCC 6304, which photoconverts between a blue-absorbing 15Z state ( 15Z Pb) and orange-absorbing 15E state ( 15E Po). pH titration analysis revealed that 15Z Pb was stable over a wide pH range, suggesting that bilin protonation is stabilized by a second thiol adduct. As revealed by resonance Raman spectroscopy, 15E Po harbored protonated bilin at both acidic and neutral pH, but readily converted to a deprotonated green-absorbing 15Z state ( 15Z Pg) at alkaline pH. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the conserved Asp-71 and His-102 residues are required for second thiol adduct formation in 15Z Pb and bilin protonation in 15E Po, respectively. An Oscil6304_2705 variant lacking the second cysteine residue, Cys-73, photoconverted between deprotonated 15Z Pg and protonated 15E Pr, similarly to the protochromic photocycle of the green/red CBCR subfamily. Time-resolved spectroscopy revealed 15Z Pg formation as an intermediate in the 15E Pr-to- 15Z Pg conversion with a significant solvent-isotope effect, suggesting the sequential occurrence of 15EP-to-15Z photoisomerization, deprotonation, and second thiol adduct formation. Our findings uncover the details of protochromic absorption changes underlying the two-Cys photocycle of violet-blue-absorbing CBCR subfamilies.


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